Read this tip to make your life smarter, better, faster and wiser. LifeTips is the place to go when you need to know about Questions Submitted and other Horse topics.
I need two dieseases that are caused by Viruses, and three diseases that are caused by bacteria. Can you give me some answers, and could you explain the diffence? Thank you!
Virus Infections: Cold, similar to colds as received by Humans. Symptoms are: slight nasal (and sometimes eye discharge) slight temperature, off feed, dull coat appearance, listless - no energy, spends time just staring, quick breathe or shivering muscles. Requires Veterinarian to determine if antibiotics are necessary, keep out of draughts, blanket, provide lots of fresh, clean water frequently to encourage the horse to drink lots. Equine Influenza, which is highly contagious & infectious. If you suspect this, immediately isolate the horse, and call the Veterinarian. Symptoms include: sudden rise in temperature, dry & shallow cough, exhaustion, depression, mucous discharge from nose (can be clear & runny), loss of appetite, inflammation of eyes, gums and other mucous membranes. Needs regular vaccination schedule. Strangles, which is very highly contagious and infectious! Symptoms include: sharp rise in temperature, profuse mucous nasal discharge, formation of abscess in the area under the head inbetween the jowels or cheek area, signs of great depression & distress, off feed almost completely, swallowing with great difficulty, throat tense & enlarged. Isolate the horse, and provide a change of clothing to attend to horse, with gloves, and separate cleaning utensils such as wheelbarrow, rakes, forks, shovels, and then wash hands thoroughly immediately before changing clothing, and then after changing clothing & using utensils. A very highly contagious and infectious viral disease!!! Bacterial Infections: Tetanus, enters the body through a wound from off of the ground. Any horse that is not innoculated is at risk. Symptoms: general stiffness, high temperature, standing in a symulated "park" stance, eye membranes extending over the eyeball (as in a second eyelid), in the very last stages, the jaws become locked shut. Botulism, is a bacterial infection and the most potent toxic to humans. Horse death rate is 70/90%. Symptoms are: flaccid paralysis of the musculature system, especially of the tail, tongue, weakened gait, decreased tone of the eyelid, decreased bowel, seating, shaking forelegs, colic, bloating. Once horses start lying down, the heart & respiratory rates increase dramatically. Death follows respiratory arrest. Contacted by ingestion of the bacteria through either contaminated feed or water. Feed contaminated by dead birds or the stool of contaminated birds. Anthrax, contamination by ingestion or from a biting insect. Horses can contact from overgrazed pastures, or after flooding that spreads the spores. Symptoms from ingestion include: colic, enteritis, septicemia. Symptoms from insects include: fever, swelling in an edemic manner of the throat, lower chest, abdomen, prepuce and mammary areas. Can be prevented by vaccination. COPD...Chronic Obstructive Pulminary Disease, is this what you were referring to with COPD in your questions under grain? Hope this helps, Mary.