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The invention and acceptance of the automobile as a means of transportation resulted in a natural reduction in the need for carriage horses. The breeding aim of the Oldenburg societies, along with their counterparts in other breeds, changed emphasis to meet the agricultural requirement for strong, hard-working horses. Additional Thoroughbred blood was introduced to create refinement and a more well-rounded all-purpose horse. The winner of the 1935 Derby, Lupus xx, and the Anglo-Norman, Condor (62.5 percent Thoroughbred) founded a new stallion line. This line produced a very consistent type of heavy, well-moving, mostly black in color, well-tempered Oldenburg mares. In keeping with requirements of the time, stallions were required, as part of their performance tests, to pull a heavy sledge at the walk; trot before a light carriage; and work at least 1000 meters under saddle.